Glossary

  • Carer’s Leave (Sick & Carer’s Leave)

    Allows employees to take time off work to care for an immediate family or household member suffering from a personal illness, injury, mental condition, or pregnancy-related issues. Sick and carer’s leave come under the same leave entitlement – it is also known as personal / carer’s leave.

  • Code of Conduct

    Written guidelines that provide a comprehensive overview of the company and acceptable behaviours and actions. These guidelines are typically included as part of an employee handbook. Each industry and company is different and the Code should reflect the relevant circumstances of a particular business.

  • Collective Agreement

    A registered agreement sets out the terms and conditions of employment between an employee or group of employees and one or more employers. A trade union can be a party to a collective agreement.

  • Collective Bargaining

    Negotiation of wages and other conditions of employment by an organised body of employees. Typically, unions assist in this process, however, employees are also permitted to collectively bargain without union involvement.

  • Commission

    Payment to an employee based on the level of sales obtained. Employees with a job in sales are typically paid on a commission, where they earn a percentage of each sale they make. The exact percentage an employer pays depends on the value of the sale, and if the employee is also paid a working wage or salary.

  • Community Service Leave

    A form of unpaid leave intended to enable employees to engage in designated community service activities, such as a voluntary emergency management activity or jury duty (including attendance for jury selection). An employee is entitled to take community service leave while they are engaged in the activity and for reasonable travel and rest time. There is no limit on the amount of community service leave an employee can take.

  • Compensation (Workers Compensation)

    Is a measure of payment awarded to employees if they are injured or fall sick on account of their work. Typically, Workers Compensation covers two areas of payment: wages that they may have forfeited while they were unfit for work, as well as their rehabilitation and medical fees.

  • Conciliation

    An informal and voluntary process where an independent third party (the conciliator) assists an employee and employer resolve a dispute by reaching an agreement. A conciliator does this by helping the parties identify disputed issues, develop options and consider alternatives in an effort to assist both parties reach mutually acceptable agreement.

  • Confidentiality Agreement

    Is a commercial and legally binding contract (also known as a Non-Disclosure Agreement) where parties agree to keep the information provided to them secret and confidential. They are only permitted to use it for an agreed purpose.

  • Constitutional Corporation

    A trading or financial corporation under the Australian Constitution, or a foreign corporation – that is a corporation incorporated outside Australia that does business in Australia. To be a constitutional corporation, the corporation needs to be incorporated under the Federal Corporations Act 2001 or under other legislation, such as the WA Associations Incorporation Act 1987. Typically, businesses with a ‘Pty Ltd’ within its name are constitutional corporations.

  • Constructive Dismissal

    A situation whereby an employee is forced to resign from his / her employment due to the employer’s conduct.  Frequently these situations occur in circumstances whereby the employee is instructed to resign by the employer or be dismissed; or when the employee quits their job in response to unreasonable conduct by the employer, which gives the employee no choice but to resign.

  • Contingent Workforce

    Used to describe workers who are engaged by businesses on a non-permanent basis. They may be temporary contract workers, freelancers, independent professionals, and several more.

  • Contract of Service

    The phrase ‘contract of service’ is generally used to refer to the contract between employer and employee.

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